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Clear DNS cache

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Windows® 8

Press Win+X to open the WinX Menu.
Right-click on Command Prompt and select Run as Administrator.
Type the following command and press Enter: ipconfig /flushdns
If the command was successful, you will see the following message:

Windows IP configuration successfully flushed the DNS Resolver Cache.

Windows 7

Click the Start button.
Enter cmd in the Start menu search field.
Right-click on Command Prompt and select Run as Administrator.
Type the following command and press Enter: ipconfig /flushdns
If the command was successful, you will see the following message:

Windows IP configuration successfully flushed the DNS Resolver Cache.

Windows XP, 2000, or Vista®

Click the Start button.
On the Start menu, click Run....
If you do not see the Run command in Vista, enter run in the
Search bar.
Type the following command in the Run text box: ipconfig /flushdns

MacOS® 10.7 and 10.8

Click Applications.
Click Utilities.
Double-click the Terminal application.
Type the following command:

sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder

ALERT! Warning: To run this command, you will need to know the
computer's Admin account password.

MacOS 10.5 and 10.6

Click Applications.
Click Utilities.
Double-click the Terminal application.
Type the following command: sudo dscacheutil -flushcache
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Qmail cheat sheet

http://supportlobby.com/blog/category/technical/qmail-technical/

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1) To check the mail queue in plesk from command line, you can use the command :

 /var/qmail/bin/qmail-qstat
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2) You can examine the queue with qmail-qread.

/var/qmail/bin/qmail-qread
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3) From the qread command you get the message id . In the above example , let us assume one of the id is 524514 . Now you can find the file holding the email in/var/qmail/queue with find command.

# find /var/qmail/queue -iname 524514

/var/qmail/queue/remote/22/524514

/var/qmail/queue/mess/22/524514 (mail headers)

/var/qmail/queue/info/22/524514

4) From the mail header you get the IP address

vi /var/qmail/queue/mess/22/524514


Or

Shortcut for the cool guys
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find /var/qmail/queue -iname queu_id | grep mess | xargs less

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4) If you wish …

Logical volume vmxxxx_img is used by another device - Error on LVM removal

Hi Folks,

I've faced error while trying to remove an LVM from the server.

The exact LVM error will be "Logical volume vmxxxx_img is used by another device" on executing the lvremove command.

Feel free to remove the following steps to remove the LVM from the server.

Note: Please remember to replace <id> with your VMID in the below section.

----------------------------------------------------------
dmsetup ls dmsetup info -c xen-vm<id>_img dmsetup remove xen-vm<id>_img lvremove -f /dev/xen/vm<id>_img ----------------------------------------------------------

Cheat sheet for Hardware RAID health check - Megaraid, Adaptec, 3wareraid and HPraid.

Hi Folks,

In another post "raid type" I've mentioned how to find if the server is running with Software or Hardware RAID.

Here, we can go ahead and check the health of the Hardware RAID array in the server.

The first thing we need to detect is the controller in which the raid is configured and you can easily get it from the another post that I mentioned earlier. However, I'm providing it here again for your convenience.

1. Login to the server as the root user.
2. Execute the following command.

/sbin/lspci -vv | grep -i raid

3. This will show the raid controller running on the server. The different types of controller I've worked with includes

a. Megaraid which uses megacli
b. Adaptec which uses arcconf.
c. 3ware raid which uses tw_cli
d. HPraid which uses hpacucli.

How to check the Megaraid array health status?

The Megaraid is usually installed in the /opt/MegaRAID and you can execute the following command to verify the health of the array.

/opt/MegaRAID/MegaCli…